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Representation in Film: Representation in Film

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Representations of Masculinity

Are men the latest victims of media misrepresentation? [interview] (Meghan Casserly, Forbes Magazine, 2012) 

How do media images of men affect our lives? (Sam Femiano and Mark Nickerson, Center for Visual Literacy) 

How the media define masculinity (Media Smarts) 

Masculinity, gender roles, and T.V. shows from the 1950s (B Zukovich, The Artifice, 2014) 

Media representations and impact on the lives of black men and boys (Opportunity Agenda, 2011) 

Normalizing male dominance: gender representation in 2012 films (Chloe Beighley and Jeff Smith, Grand Rapids Institute for Informatino Democracy, 2013) 

Portrayal of men in the media: why there needs to be a reverse Bechdel test (Nikita Coulombe, A Voice of Men, 2015)

The depressing depiction of men in the media (Nicole Johnson, Good Men Project, 2011) 

The portrayal of men in the media (Chelsea Ivy-Rose Jove, Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences, Kappa Omicron Nu Leadership Academy, 2010) 

When the media misrepresents black men, the effects are felt in the real world [newspaper article] (Leigh Donaldson, The Guardian, 2015) 

Why are men on TV always such fools? [newspaper article] (Dominic Utton, The Telegraph, 2014) 

Representations of Disability

12% evil (Laurence Clark, Ouch! It's a disability thing, BBC, 2007) 

Dis-course: disability representation and the media, part one (Kayla Brown, DO-IT: Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology, University of Washington, 2014) 

Disability and the media: disability in films (David Gale, Disability Horizons, 2012) 

Disability in film: is cinema finally moving with the times? [newspaper article] (David Cox, The Guardian, 2012) 

Disability in the media: part three (Kayla Brown, DO-IT: Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology, University of Washington, 2014) 

Disability in the media: part two (Kayla Brown, DO-IT: Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology, University of Washington, 2014) 

Disabling imagery and the media: an exploration of the principles for media representations of disabled people(Colin Barnes, British Council of Organisations of Disabled People, 1992) 

Films: portrayals of people with disabilities (IRIS Center, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University) 

Five most positive portrayals of disability in the media (Tiffiny Carlson|, New Mobility, 2013) 

Important tips on how to portray disability accurately in film (Dominick Evans, 2016) 

Media and people with disabilities: are we represented accurately? (Sandy Murillo, Sandy's View, Chicago Lighthouse, 2015) 

Media representation of disabled people (Lucy Wood, Disability Planet, 2012) 

Moving image portrayal of disability: then and now! (UK Disability History Month) 

Persons with disabilities (Media Smarts) 

Troubling signs: disability, Hollywood movies and the construction of a discourse of pity [magazine article] (Michael T Hayes and Rhonda S Black, Disability Studies Quarterly, Society for Disability Studies, 2003) 

We need more disabled people on movie and TV screens [newspaper article] (Mary O'Hara, The Guardian, 2015)

Representations of Femininity

7 ways women and girls are stereotyped, sexualized, and underrepresented on screen (Dana Liebelson and Asawin Suebsaeng, Mother Jones, 2012) 

Beauty and the Beast: is Disney's empowerment mission on track? [newspaper article] (Andrew Pulver, The Guardian, 2016) 

Cross-post: a solution to gender inequality in film – just add 5 female characters onscreen (Indie Wire, 2014) 

Film review–Miss Representation [film review] (Seattle Pacific University, 2011) 

Geena Davis' two easy steps to make Hollywood less sexist (Geena Davis, Hollywood Reporter, 2013) 

Girls on screen: how film and television depict women in public relations [magazine article] (Jane Johnston, PRism Journal, PRaxis, Bond University, 2010) 

How Disney’s princesses got tough [musical score] (Andrew Pulver, The Guardian, 2016) 

No place for a woman: the family in film noir (John Blaser, Moffitt Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1999) 

Portrayal of women in the media: TV drama (Cheryl Ni, Media Representation Group) 

Sexist screen representations of women start in the script (Radha O'Meara, The Conversation, 2016) 

Sorry, ladies: study on women in film and television confirms the worst (Casey Cipriani, Indie Wire, Penske Business Media, 2015) 

Study: female characters under-represented in movies [statistics] (Cynthia Littleton, Variety, 2014) 

Sugar, spice and guts: representation of female characters in movies is improving [newspaper article] (A O Scott and Manohla Dargis, New York Times, 2014) 

The name’s Bond, James Bond … or should it be Jane? (James Chapman and Shelley Cobb, The Conversation, 2016)

This is why it’s so hard to fight for gender equality in Hollywood [multimedia] (Alyssa Rosenberg, Washington Post, 2015) 

Tracks, a film that lets a woman thrive in the outback (Gemma Blackwood, The Conversation, 2014) 

We’re right to make a scene about gender equity in the Australian screen industry (Sue Maslin, The Conversation, 2015) 

Working women on television: a mixed bag at best (Neda Ulaby, National Public Radio, 2013) 

Mickey Mouse Monopoly

The Disney Company's massive success in the 20th century is based on creating an image of innocence, magic and fun. Its animated films in particular are almost universally lauded as wholesome family entertainment, enjoying massive popularity among children and endorsement from parents and teachers. 

Mickey Mouse Monopoly takes a close and critical look at the world these films create and the stories they tell about race, gender and class and reaches disturbing conclusions about the values propagated under the guise of innocence and fun. 

Representations of Race

Aboriginal art and film: the politics of representation (Marcia Langton, Rouge, 2005) 

American Sniper perpetuates Hollywood’s typical Arab stereotypes (Michael Green, The Conversation, 2015) 

Anthropologists do well in movies, indigenous peoples not so much (Piers Kelly, The Conversation, 2015) 

Chiraq: Spike Lee’s latest film a comic riff on the violence that blights black Chicago (Jonathan Munby, The Conversation, 2015) 

Cleverman [newspaper article] (The Guardian, 2016) 

Common portrayals of Aboriginal people [Canada] (Media Smarts) 

Finally a movie that captures what it's like to be Asian American [Lilting] (Elaine Teng, New Republic, 2014) 

Hollywood stereotypes: why are Russians the bad guys? (Tom Brook, BBC, 2014) 

How the Ku Klux Klan seized cinema to become a force in America (Tom Rice, The Conversation, 2015) 

How to get the African films we all should see onto our screens (Lindiwe Dovey, The Conversation, 2016) 

Indigenous film (Australian Government, 2008) 

Media representations and impact on the lives of black men and boys (Opportunity Agenda, 2011) 

Native Americans: negative impacts of media portrayals, stereotypes (Farah Qureshi, Journalist's Resource, 2016)

Portrayal of minorities in the film, media and entertainment industries [race] (Yurii Horton, Raagen Price and Eric Brown, Ethics of Development in a Global Environment, Stanford University, 1999) 

Racism, ethnicity and television (Encyclopedia of Television, Museum of Broadcast Communications, 2016) 

Representations of black people in film (Racism Still Exists) 

Screening Indigenous Australia: an overview of Aboriginal representation on film (Peter Krausz, Enhance TV) 

TV and film have mixed portrayals of immigrants [newspaper article] (Jason Ruiz, New York Times, 2012) 

When the media misrepresents black men, the effects are felt in the real world [newspaper article] (Leigh Donaldson, The Guardian, 2015) 

Why aren’t there more Asian faces on Australian screens? (Sky Crompton, The Conversation, 2012) 

Why Australians should care about Hollywood diversity (Helen Young, The Conversation, 2016) 

Representations of Family

Family on television (Encyclopedia of Television, Museum of Broadcast Communications, 2016) 

Far flung families: the representation of the diasporic family in contemporary cinema (Arts and Humanities Research Council of Great Britain) 

Film families: the portrayal of the family in teen films from 1980 to 2007 (Caroline Clayton Clark, Brigham Young University, 2008) 

Happily ever after: construction of family in Disney Princess Collection films (Jennifer Hecht, San Jose State University, 2011) 

Hollywood's portrayal of family life is too airbrushed, the reality is far more gritty. Depiction of motherhood is more real in 1970s films [newspaper article] (Elizabeth Day, The Guardian, 2014) 

How is the family represented in American horror films of the 1970s? (Pete Turner, I Love that Film, 2013) 

Images of the American suburbia (Lívia Szélpál, Americana - E-Journal of American Studies in Hungary, 2012) 

No place for a woman: the family in film noir (John Blaser, Moffitt Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1999) 

Representation of modern families in kid-friendly entertainment (The Next Family, 2016) 

Television and family (International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family, Gale Group, 2003) 

Television and family - the social uses and influence of television on families (Alison Alexander and Yeora Kim, Marriage and Family Encyclopedia 

US television finally comes out with Modern Family’s gay wedding (Martin Zeller-Jacques, The Conversation, 2014)

What does Hollywood teach us about love? (Dave Boehi, Family Life, 2005) 

Why don't we see LGBT parents portrayed in children's films? [newspaper article] (Joanna Benecke, The Guardian, 2014) 

Representations of Class

Representations of Teenagers

Adolescence and the portrayal of teens in film and television (Sean Faulkner, 2013) 

Does American Teen reinforce high school stereotypes? [newspaper article] (Ella Taylor, Phoenix New Times, 2008)

Eighties teen movies - nostalgia, thy name is Judd Nelson (James Thorburn, The '80s Server, 1998) 

Ferris Bueller: an American hero (Elsa Peters, student, The '80s Server, 1998) 

Flashback booth No 19: Ferris Bueller's Day Off: "One man's struggle to take it easy" (Nick Hunt, Future Publishing, The '80s Server, 1998) 

Generation multiplex: the image of youth in contemporary American cinema [excerpt] (Timothy Shary, University of Texas Press, 2002) 

Girls on film: could new regulations stop the sexualisation of children? (Emma Rush, The Conversation, 2012) 

John Hughes' depiction of the impacts of class and family on suburban youth (Arielle Fishman, The '80s Server)

John Hughes: a great light has gone out (Bill Medic, Pro-Youth Pages, 2010) 

Marxist overtones in Ferris Bueller's Day Off (Kathy Murphy, The '80s Server) 

Mean girls? The influence of gender portrayals in teen movies on emerging adults' gender-based attitudes and beliefs [magazine article] (Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz and Dana E Mastro, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 2008)

Modernism, cinema, adolescence: another history for teen film (Catherine Driscoll, Screening the Past, 2011) 

Movie teens: how accurately are they portrayed? (Nicki Burnier, student, Dundee Crown High School, Films 4 2, 2004)

Pro-youth film critiques (Pro-Youth Pages) 

Special movie night assignment (student work, Mr Kreinbring's Space) 

Teen angst in the Eighties (Ashley Van Valkenburgh, The '80s Server, 1996) 

Teen speak: do teen movies still put bums on seats? (Emma Farley, Talking Pictures) 

The ever-changing representation of teenage girls in movies (Queen Bees and Wannabes- Representing Teenage Girls, 2012) 

The Hollywood Dream Factory vs. Youth (Bill Medic, Pro-Youth Pages, 2010) 

The Hunger Games: representation of teenagers (Neill Ford, Scribd, 2014) 

Top 15 iconic teen movies (Listverse, 2007) 

Turning the crimson tide [Looking for Alibrandi] [magazine article] (Enoch Lau, Good Weekend, 2003) 

Young heroes in horror movies and the historical significance of "I Know What You Did Last Summer" (Bill Medic, Pro-Youth Pages, 2002) 

Youth culture and teen movies - a comparative overview (Adam Messner, student, Youngstown State University, The '80s Server, 1998) 

Representations of the Military

9 war movies that are actually (sort of) realistic (John Renehan, Signature, 2015) 

Beyond G.I. Jane: a look at the portrayal of women armed services members in modern military movies (Abra Burkett, American University, 2014) 

Cinematic war: more truthful than your video journal (Kate Preston, Duke University, 2012) 

Gallipoli: cheat sheet (Dave Crewe, Special Broadcasting Service, 2015) 

Glorification of the military in popular culture and the media [excerpt] Laura Powell, Chapter 8, Good intentions : norms and practices of imperial humanitarianism, 2014) 

Kathryn Bigelow's The Hurt Locker (2008) (War and Cinema, 2012) 

Know your enemy, know yourself (Rikke Schubart and Anne Gjelsvik, Eastwood's Iwo Jima: Critical engagements with flags of our fathers and letters from Iwo Jima, Columbia University Press, 2013) 

Missing in action: why are there so few cultural portrayals of women in combat? [magazine article] (Gayle Tzemach Lemmon, Atlantic Monthly, 2015) 

Portraying the military in film and on television: who’s telling our stories? (Rachel A Brune, Task and Purpose, 2014)

Screens of terror: representations of war and terrorism in film and television since 9/11 (Philip Hammond, Academia)

The American film industry and Vietnam (Michael Paris, History Today, 1987) 

The hero soldier: portrayals of soldiers in war films (Gavin Davie, University of South Florida, 2011) 

There’s a divide between civilians and soldiers, partly because of Hollywood [newspaper article] (Stephanie Merry, Washington Post, 2015) 

War on television (Donald Humphreys, Encyclopedia of Television, Museum of Broadcast Communications, 2016) 

Why can't Hollywood get military uniforms right? (Jeff Schogol, Stars and Stripes, 2011) 

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